Synthesis of Glibenclamide-Oxalic Acid Cocrystal using ThermalSolvent-Free Method

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Arif Budiman
Sandra Megantara
Rifaa’tush Sholihah
Saeful Amin

Abstract

Solubility is an important parameter affecting the bioavailability of drugs. The solubility of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) could be improved through the formation of cocrystal, which is a crystalline complex composed of two or more different molecules. Glibenclamide (GCM) is an API with poor solubility in water, which belongs to class II, characterized as highly permeable with low solubility. Therefore, this study aimed to synthesize and characterize the cocrystal of GCM-oxalic acid (OA) using the melting method. The interaction between GCM-OA complexes was predicted using the in silico method. Also, the cocrystal complexes were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared (IR) spectrophotometry, and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), as well as, through solubility and dissolution tests. The result showed that GCM and OA have the potential of forming cocrystal through the in silico method. Also, the cocrystal of GCM-OA with a molar ratio 1:2, significantly improved the solubility and dissolution profile of GCM. In addition, the spectrum IR of cocrystal exhibited a shifting peak at 1,700 cm-1 indicating the presence of intermolecular interaction between GCM and OA. Furthermore, the DSC and PXRD analyses showed a new single endothermic peak and new diffraction peak pattern, respectively, indicating the formation of a new crystalline component.

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How to Cite
1.
Budiman A, Megantara S, Sholihah R, Amin S. Synthesis of Glibenclamide-Oxalic Acid Cocrystal using ThermalSolvent-Free Method. ijpqa [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 25 [cited 2021 Aug. 1];11(03):404-8. Available from: http://ijpqa.openresearchjournals.com/index.php/ijpqa/article/view/503
Section
Review Article